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Ministry of Education– National Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Program

 

Smartphone alongside books – to illustrate access to information and education using advanced technologies

Smartphone alongside books – to illustrate access to information and education using advanced technologies

 

      

We cannot imagine today's world without the technologies of communication via mobile and cordless phones, tablets, and computers.  Educational systems in many countries throughout the world (e.g. Australia, Austria, Britain, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Macedonia, New Zealand, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, USA) use these technologies for pedagogic purposes, to adapt to the learning processes of the 21st century

In 2003 the International Communication Union (ITU), a branch of the United Nations Organization, stated as its goal the introduction of access to knowledge through rapid communication technologies in all schools throughout the world by the year 2015.

 

Israel also decided to introduce information technology to the teaching environment in order to enhance it. Starting in 2011, Israel enabled schools to gradually adjust the National Program of the Education System to the 21st century.

 

The program deploy in schools the basic infrastructure that enables the use of advanced technologies in teaching, learning and assessment.

 

Some of the technologies used in the educational system involve emission of non-ionizing radiation at radiofrequencies.  While there is scientific uncertainty as to the general health effects of exposure to this radiation, there is a consensus among most groups involved in this field that exposure should be minimized, in accordance with the precautionary principle.  This decision was strengthened after the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2011 classified non-ionizing radiation at radiofrequencies as 'possibly carcinogenic to humans'.

 

Consequently, the National ICT program is to be implemented with utmost care, while assessing the benefits and drawbacks of using these technologies compared to the alternatives (such as wired communication, which does not involve exposure to radiofrequency radiation).

 

Since more and more technological systems work with wireless communication (Wi-Fi), the educational system is faced with a challenge in deciding which technologies to use in which situations.

 

The following chapter briefly reviews the ICT program operating in Israeli schools

 

 

As from 2011, a National Information and Communication Technology (ICT) - Hebrew has been gradually introduced into schools in Israel, to adapt the educational system to the 21st century.

 

The program deploy in schools the basic infrastructure that enables the use of advanced technologies in teaching, learning and assessment.This infrastructure includes: broad band Internet, a projector in each classroom, laptop computers for teachers, a sound system in the classroom, and light-dimming apparatus.

 

In the framework of the program a controlled study is being conducted, to examine the extent to which the introduction ICT contributes to the actual learning process and can serve as an educational tool.  Additionally, a program is set up for advanced schools, which, in addition to the basic infrastructure, combine smart screens and laptop computers, for the use of the students.

 

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References

  • International Telecommunications Union, World Telecommunication/ICT Development Report 2010: Monitoring the WSIS targets, a mid-term review. 2010. available at:http://www.itu.int/dms_pub/itu-d/opb/ind/D-IND-WTDR-2010-SUM-PDF-E.pdf  [accessed 3 August 2014]
  • Adaptation of the educational system to the 21st Century – introduction of equipment and computers to schools – health and safety consequences   10.7.2012 (Hebrew)​

http://sites.education.gov.il/cloud/home/tikshuv/Documents/mismah_hashlahot_briutiot.pdf  

  • Ministry of Education Website- The 'Educational Cloud' – teleprocessing program for 2015.(Hebrew) (accessed 1.6.2014)

http://sites.education.gov.il/cloud/home/tikshuv/Pages/tikshuv.aspx

  • Science and Technology Administration Website – Adaptation of the Educational System to the 21st Century (Hebrew) (accessed 6/14)

http://cms.education.gov.il/educationcms/units/madatech/ictineducation/

 

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